Milos R. Popovic

MyndMove is a non-invasive therapy that combines patient participation, therapist expertise and the MyndMove functional electrical stimulation (FES) device to restore voluntary hand and arm function in patients suffering from upper-limb paralysis. The MyndMove device is a single system comprised of several parts:

  • embedded stimulation protocols that can elicit over 30 different reaching and grasping movements
  • an 8 channel stimulator that can stimulate up to 8 different muscle groups in a single stimulation protocol
  • an intuitive user interface allowing therapists to select and deliver personalized therapy


MyndMove is Manufactured by our start-up company MyndTec Inc., and it is Health Canada and US FDA Approved. 

Project Publications

  • N. Kapadia, M.R. Popovic. Functional Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Grasping in Spinal Cord Injury: An Overview. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. 2011:17:1-70.
  • N. Kapadia, B. Shaghayegh, M.R. Popovic. Influence of Different Rehabilitation Therapy Models on Patient Outcomes: Hand Function Therapy in Individuals with Incomplete SCI. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2014:0:0-1.
  • N. Kapadia, V. Zivanovic, J. Furlan, B.C. Craven, C. McGillivray, M.R. Popovic. Functional Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Grasping in Traumatic Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: Randomized Control Trial. Artificial Organs. 2011:35(3):212-216.
  • N. Kapadia, V. Zivanovic, M.R. Popovic. Restoring Voluntary Grasping Function in Individuals with Incomplete Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: Pilot Study. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. 2013:19:4-279.
  • N. Kawashima, M.R. Popovic, V. Zivanovic. Effect of Intensive FES Therapy on Upper-Limb Motor Recovery After Stroke. Physiotherapy Canada. 2013:65(1):20-28.
  • M.R. Popovic, N. Kapadia, V. Zivanovic, J. Furlan, C. Craven, C. McGillivray. Functional Electrical Stimulation Therapy of Voluntary Grasping Versus only Conventional Rehabilitation for Patients with Subacute Incomplete Tetraplegia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2011:25:5-433.
  • M.R. Popovic, T. Thrasher, M. Adams, V. Takes, V. Zivanovic, M. Tonack. Functional Electrical Therapy: Retraining Grasping in Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord. 2006:44-143.
  • T. Trasher, V. Zivanovic, W. Mcllroy, M.R. Popovic. Rehabilitation of Reaching and Grasping Function in Severe Hemiplegic Patients Using Functional Electrical Stimulation Therapy. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2008:22:706-13.

FES Garment Study

Bastien Moineau, Milos R. Popovic

REL is working with Myant Inc. to develop a new generation of stimulation device: the FES garments.

Those shirts and pants made of conductive and non-conductive fabric are currently designed with the help of end-users (“Neuro-orthosis Interview” study). You want to help? Learn more about that study. 

They will also be tested soon with stroke-survivors and individuals with spinal-cord injury (“Garment-Grasping” study). Are you interested in participating in rehabilitation research? Learn more about the stroke part” of the study or about the SCI part” of the study.

Additionally, several instrumentation and stimulation designs, both open-loop and closed-loop, will be experimented with able-bodied participants (“FES-Orthosis” study). You want to help? Contact to learn about the present research opportunities.

Project Publications

  • Moineau, C. Marquez-Chin, M. Alizadeh-Meghrazi, G. Stefan, K. Masani, M.R. Popovic, “Design of garment devices to deliver functional electrical stimulation in individuals with neurological paralysis,” Rehab Week 2017 - 21st International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Conference, London, UK, July 17-21, 2017.